Electricity is generated in a variety of ways and using a variety of fuel sources. More than 45% of the electricity generated in New York involves the burning of fossil fuels. Some examples of fossil fuel fired electric generation include oil, natural gas, and coal. Fossil Fuels are an inherently limited energy supply source because it takes literally millions of years for fossils to become a useable petroleum product. Nuclear power also plays a significant role in the portfolio of fuels used to generate electricity in New York State. Nuclear generation accounts for approximately 30% of generation in New York. Nuclear generation creates a significant environmental risk in that any accidents create an environmental disaster and spent fuel presents a difficult disposal problem.
Green Power (or renewable energy) refers to sources of electricity that are naturally replenished by the environment. These renewable resources include hydro, biomass, wind, and solar powered generation facilities.